How to Deal With Post Concussion Syndrome

Post Concussion Syndrome

Post Concussion Syndrome

A concussion is a brain injury that interferes with the way your brain works. Post concussion syndrome is a condition commonly associated with injuries to the head. Head injuries are further classified into two classes:

  • TBI (traumatic brain injury).

  • Concussion.

Post concussion syndrome which is also known as post concussive syndrome, is a problem that continues occur even after the patient has recuperated from the physical injuries to the head. The time frame can range from weeks to months.

Symptoms

Listed below are some of the signs and symptoms commonly associated with post concussion syndrome:

  • Fatigue.

  • Headaches.

  • Dizziness.

  • Light and noise sensitivity.

  • Insomnia.

  • Irritability.

  • Anxiety.

  • Loss of memory and concentration.

Whereas headaches are quite common after a concussion, they are widely regarded as normal. Moreover, the intensity of the headaches may differ from on patient to the other and as such are at times considered as migraine.

On the other hand, most headaches are commonly referred to as tension headaches since they are usually linked to a neck injury that occurred at the same time as the head injury. Still, there are patients who may experience emotional or behavioral changes following a traumatic brain injury. For instance, the patient may acquire new traits such as suspicion, stubbornness, argumentative or irritability.

Causes

According to a number of studies, it is believed that post concussion syndrome is triggered by disruption of neurotransmitter systems as well as structural damage to the brain or simply injury to the brain.

Risk factors

There are certain factors that can make you more vulnerable to post concussion syndrome. For example, you are more likely to suffer from post concussion syndrome if:

  • You are more than 50 years old and happen to suffer from a traumatic brain injury.

  • You have suffered a traumatic brain injury as a result of falls, sport injuries, car collisions and assaults.

Tests

There is no known physical examination that can determine if you are suffering from post concussion syndrome. Nonetheless, your doctor may recommend a brain or CT scan to determine the extent of damage to the brain.

When Should You Seek Medical Help?

You need to consider seeking medical advice if you have been experiencing extreme levels of dizziness. Doctors specializing in ear, nose and throat problems are the best physician to consult if you think that what you have is a post concussion syndrome. A referral to a psychiatrist or psychologist may be best if your symptoms include depression or anxiety, memory loss or problem solving.

Treatment

  1. Headaches

Medications commonly used for tension headaches and migraines include painkillers and antidepressants since the latter is effective for most types of headaches that are commonly associated with post concussion syndrome.

2. Memory and thinking problems

Over the counter medications are not recommended when it comes to dealing with memory and cognitive problems following a traumatic brain injury. Nonetheless, there are certain types of therapies that can be helpful, for example, rehabilitation, relaxation and electronic organizer.

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Post Concussion Syndrome