Post Traumatic Concussion Syndrome

Post Traumatic Concussion Syndrome

Post Traumatic Concussion Syndrome

Concussions occur when there is a blow to the head. The sudden blow will cause your brain to move a little bit inside the skull, which may in turn trigger symptoms like momentary loss of memory. The injury to the head may also disrupt the electrical activity of some of the cells in your brain causing your brain to work abnormally for a certain period of time.

Post traumatic concussion syndrome or post traumatic concussive syndromes are the symptoms that people develop after a concussion. Symptoms are usually clear within the first three months after the head injury. Post traumatic concussion syndrome has no treatment but the treatment provided is mainly for relieving symptoms. The symptoms of post concussion syndrome include:

  1. Physical symptoms- headache, reduced sense of taste and smell, nausea, hearing loss, problems tolerating noise and light, tinnitus, blurred or double vision.

  2. Cognitive symptoms(problems with mental processes)-difficulty learning new things, forgetfulness, problems processing information and reasoning, attention and concentration problems, slowed reactions.

  3. Psychological symptoms-anxiousness, irritability, insomnia, restlessness, depression, changes in appetite, low libido, personality changes, losing interest at work or in the things you love.

Not everyone who has experienced post concussion syndrome will have the symptoms mentioned above. These symptoms might last weeks, months, a year or more.

The actual reason for some people developing post traumatic concussion syndrome is unknown. There are different theories as to why this happens. One theory is that post traumatic concussion syndrome is caused by damaging or bruising of the nerve cells in the cerebrum or brain which is brought about by the head injury or head blow. The other theory is that some people experience post traumatic concussion syndrome because of emotional or psychological reaction to the primary injury.

If you think that you have any symptoms associated with post concussion syndrome, you should visit your doctor. Your doctor will observe you so as to diagnose the condition. Your doctor will also perform physical examinations in order to check your nervous system for any abnormalities. This includes tests of the strength in your legs, arms and also tests of your sensation, coordination and muscle reflexes. The doctor may also perform a CT scan of your brain. This is done to ensure that there is no bleeding in the cerebrum after the initial head injury.

If you have been diagnosed with post traumatic concussion syndrome, the following things might be helpful;

  • Sleep hygiene-if you are tired and having problems sleeping, you should stick to a steady sleeping schedule.

  • Take things slow-it is advisable to anyone who has experienced or had a head injury not to rush back into things. You should return to your normal activities gradually after the head injury.

  • Avoid stressing yourself or doing any strenuous activities. Activities that will need a lot of concentration like watching the television, video games and texting should be avoided. School work load should be reduced.

  • Medication- your doctor may prescribe medications that will help reduce post traumatic concussion syndrome. He may suggest that you take pain relievers for headaches and other forms of medication to help stop nauseating or vomiting.

  • Avoid alcohol

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Post Traumatic Concussion Syndrome